-=-=-=-Happy Victoria Day!-=-=-=-

  Queen Victoria (May 24,1819 – January 22, 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Impress of India. The last monarch of the House of Hanover.

She was born to be a Queen, she was raised to be a Queen, and she did everything to stay a Queen.

During her reign she earned names like “The Widow of Windsor”(after her husband death) and “The Grandmother of Europe”(because through the marriages of her children she was related to nearly all royal families of Europe). She was a national symbol of Great Britain and was the embodiment of a very complicated historical period called “ The Victorian Era.”

Queen Victoria was an incredibly paradoxical figure.

She was beautiful, earnest, egoistic. She was terrifically stubborn and at the same time easily manipulated. She liked flattery and her Prime Minister Disraeli practically built their relationship using this weakness of hers.

She symbolized the epoch of new values and social achievements but did not accept them.

She was an icon of motherhood but hated pregnancy and childbirth.

She had nine children and forty two grandchildren but felt herself uncomfortable in the presence of kids.

She desperately wanted to be independent  and even sent her mother away after becoming a Queen. But very soon she proposed to her first cousin and married him.

She did not want to share the rule of the country with her husband but later she said that “We women are not made for governing”.

She was the first monarch who traveled by train but was completely indifferent to the technological innovations which dramatically changed everything around.

She was a woman but opposed giving women the right to vote.

There were seven attempts on her life (1840-1882) but they only increased her popularity.

Doll “Young Queen Victoria”. Created:  2010. Wax. Height  23 cm.

© Text and visuals created by IRINA GORELKINA

George II

George II (1683-1760) – King of Great Britain and Ireland

George II George II George II

In 1701 the Parliament of England passed the Act of Settlement, “which decreed, … that the crown was to pass to Sophia, electress of Hanover and granddaughter of James I [first Stuart King of England (1603-1625)] and “to the heirs of her body being Protestants”. The act was thus responsible for the accession of Sophia`s son George I in 1714 – notwithstanding the claims of 57 persons closer by the rules of inheritance than Sophia and George.” (Encyclopedia Britannica)

George II was the only son of George I (reigned 1714-1727), he was the second monarch of the House of Hanover and the last British monarch who was not born in Britain. He could not and was not confident in the role of Great Britain King, first of all because he spoke English with strong guttural accent. But he was lucky with his ministers and relied on them heavily. He loved military passionately and became the last British monarch who lead the troops in the battle of war. His late reign can not be characterized as the active participating in politics; but it was the period when British power in Europe and its influence overseas grew very rapidly (India, North America).

Doll

Created: April, 2009

Height: 24 cm

Material: artificial clay (air-hardening sculpting material), wire, fabric

Costume: three layers of clothing

© Text and visuals created by IRINA GORELKINA

Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I (1533-1603) – Queen of England, the last in Tudors dynasty.

Elizabeth I Elizabeth I Elizabeth I Elizabeth I

Her historical names – “The Virgin Queen”, “Gloriana”, “Good Queen Bess”.

Her motto – “Semper Eadem”, which means “Always the Same”.

She was the unwanted daughter of her father (King Henry VIII) and she did not have the chance to know her mother (Anne Boleyn), who was beheaded when Elizabeth was a baby. But she always remembered very well the destiny of all her farther`s wives.

In 1564 in one of her letters Elizabeth wrote: “I would rather be a beggar and single than a queen and married”.

The uneasy childhood she had formed her absolutely fantastic vision of herself, vision which quite soon developed to the incredible wisdom. Elizabeth is the example of the monarch who was able to make her personality work for her as a person and a queen; for the throne and for the state. She always wanted to be herself, to be independent. So she invented a brilliant formula which provided the ideal image of a virgin queen. This image suited practically for all different sides; first of all for her (it made her free), for the church (did not matter catholic or protestant), for the Parliament (it for a long time cared about the queen’s marriage and she for a long time just played a beautiful role of an unmarried woman searching for a good match), and for the people and their faith.

As a result, she did not need to struggle with herself like her father did. That is why she was successfully resolving very complicated religious problems; that is also why she won the duel with Fillip II – King of Spain. Hence, she was popular in her own kingdom and very respected abroad.

I created two different images – first is “Princess Elizabeth”, the second one – “Queen Elizabeth”.

 Dolls:

1. “Princess Elizabeth”

Created: July, 2008

Height: 31 cm

Material: artificial clay (air-hardening sculpting material), wire, fabric

Costume: three layers of clothing

2. “Queen Elizabeth”

Created: August, 2008

Height: 31 cm.

Material: artificial clay (air-hardening sculpting material), wire, fabric

Costume: one layer of clothing

About image:

Elizabeth holds a sieve in her left hand (here she shown “as a Tuccia, a Vestal Virgin who proved her chastity by carrying a sieve full of water from Tiber River to Temple of Vesta without spilling a drop” (Wiki).

© Text and visuals created by IRINA GORELKINA

Anne Boleyn

Anne Boleyn (c.1501- 1536) – Queen of England, who could not produce a male heir for the King, but who bore a female heir to the throne of England- Elizabeth I.

Anne Boleyn Anne Boleyn

She was the second of King Henry VIII six wives and the first of two who were beheaded.

Everything was noble in this woman – her birth, her appearance, mind and manners. She was a daughter of an outstanding English diplomat. Being a girl (12 -15 yeas-old) she bewitched the rulers of Netherlands and France whilst living at their courts. In 1522 Anne was recalled to England where she became one of the most sophisticated and stylish women of the court. In 1533 after her marriage to Henry VIII she became the Queen of England. It seemed that such a talented, educated and intelligent woman could do everything that was required of a queen. But she could not. She could not bear a male heir for the king and that sealed her doom. In 1536 Anne was executed.

 Doll

Created: October 2008

Height: 27 cm (without a hat)

Material: artificial clay (air-hardening sculpting material), wire, fabric

Costume: three layers of clothing

© Text and visuals created by IRINA GORELKINA

 

Henry VIII

2. Henry VIII (1491-1547) – King of England

Henry VIII Henry VIII

Henry VIII : six marriages, was the key figure in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, in the Dissolution of the Monasteries and in establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of England.

He was responsible for the beheading of his two wives and for the deaths of the great English humanists

Henry was given everything: a peaceful and happy childhood, unchallenged succession to the throne, good health, courage, charisma, energy, intelligence, terrific leaning abilities, a brilliant education, rare talent in poetry, music and dance.

Certain historians believe Henry VIII to be merely a victim of various court intrigues and political schemes against him. However, if we must look at him as “a victim” it would be more accurate to say that he was a victim of his own character i.e. his selfishness and a strong yet blind belief in his own infallibility.

Doll

Created: November 2008

Height: 29 cm (without a hat)

Material: artificial clay (air-hardening sculpting material), wire, fabric

Costume: three layers of clothing

© Text and visuals created by IRINA GORELKINA

Journey to Royalty and Nobility

Journey to Royalty and Nobility – our first historical destination.

1. Henry VII, King of England and Lord of Ireland (1457-1509)

His claim for the throne was very tenuous, but he became a King. He was not a warrior; but won his throne on the field of battle. He had poor health but ruled within 24 years and founded the Tudors dynasty.He was parsimonious but maintained a splendid court. He was not popular, but people were grateful to him for peace he brought to England. He died aged 52 and left 3 children, a full treasury and a powerful monarchy.

Henry VII Henry VII Henry VII

Doll description:

Image detail:

The King holds a Tudor Rose in the right hand. The rose consists of red and white petals.This heraldic emblem symbolizes the unity of the house of Lancaster and the house of York and claims the new Tudor Dynasty (founded by Henry VII in 1485).

Doll:

Created: June 2009

Height: 31 cm (without a hat)

Material: artificial clay (air-hardening sculpting material), wire, fabric

Costume: three layers of clothing, designed on the basis of the original patterns (of the second half of 15th early 16th c.)

© Text and visuals created by IRINA GORELKINA